SUB-THEME ONE: Enhancing Grids with New Technology.

I.Photovoltaic Energy, Wind Energy, Hydro Power, Biomass Energy Resources and Energy Storage Systems:

Topics to be covered in this session will include but not limited to discussions on state of the art in small- to large-scale applications of Renewable Energy Resources (RERs) (such as photovoltaic and wind energy), Hydro Power and its impact on the environment and ecosystems; Biomass utilization for remote power; and renewable energy resources. Issues regarding waste disposal and management can be implemented with the use of these wastes as sources of fuel for the biomass.  Revolutionary materials and innovations in Science and Technology; Impact on the environment; Smart Grid development. Economic and social benefits will be discussed.


II.Scalable Microgrids for Increasing System Reliability, Security, and Resiliency in the Smart Grid Era

Advances in smart grid technology have yet to coalesce into a comprehensive solution integrating the landscape of future power systems. In this session, the vision for the future energy system to develop, demonstrate, and operate highly integrated, flexible, scalable, and efficient systems that provide integration of clean energy sources while maintaining reliability and resiliency will be discussed. Specifically, the microgrid concept which can offer energy solutions to a wide range of end users, ranging from secure military installations to urban and rural communities in Africa with sample demonstration projects will be presented.

III.Technology for Microgrid and Smart grid

The discussion topic will focus on sharing insights and lessons learned regarding how smart grid projects were organized and deployed, as well as on providing recommendations on best approaches for designing and implementing them. Smart grid projects involve myriad set of skills and capabilities that often require the involvement of personnel across the internal company organizational structure of a utility, as well as experts external to the organization.

IV.Regulatory Issues in Microgrid and Smart grid

From communication with customers and regulatory bodies to optimal integration of renewables, utilities face demands to be more transparent, more available and more personal than ever before. Customers want an improvement in electric reliability and protection from unreasonable rate increases. Meanwhile, utilities must invest to infrastructure to meet growing needs for electricity to power data centers and projected waves of electric vehicles.

V.Cyber-Physical Systems

Cyber-physical systems are large complex physical systems (CPS) that interact with a considerable number of distributed computing elements for monitoring and management. The discussion topics on this area focus on the need of CPS in Africa power network. The key challenges of CPC such as: 1) management of information, protocol and standard for interconnectivity of microgrid system. 2) development of different automation functions to enable the performance of microgrid in different systems. 3) distributed, reliable and efficient management of CPS 4) engineering support for design and operation of CPS 5) cognitive cyber physical system of systems will also be addressed.