SUB-THEME TWO: Scalable Microgrids for Increasing System Reliability, Security and Resiliency in the Smart Grid Era. .

I.Integration of Distributed and Renewable Energy Sources and Grid Operations

The topic will focus on requirements and control techniques associated with the effective integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) into grid operations. Topics to be covered in this session will include but not limited to transmission interconnections, dynamic optimization, and expansion options towards the development of microgrid; Stable and reliable penetration of large-scale RER; Safety and standards; Interconnectivity; Power Electronics; Economics and the environment; Congestion and loss issues; Cost-benefit and technology challenges.

II.Reduction in Losses in Distribution Networks in Emerging Economics

The radial network is unreliable and contributes to a high number of system collapses. The distribution grid also suffers from high technical and non-technical losses, lack of skilled distribution sub-station operators (manpower), electricity theft, vandalization of distribution equipment, a poor maintenance regime aggravated by lack of a centralized and automatized control system, inadequate funding, distribution/transmission interface issues, inefficient revenue collection, etc. Average electricity consumption per inhabitant is only 150 kWh per capita, one of the lowest in the world.

III.Customer Centred Service Improvement in the Electricity Industry in Emerging Economies

Grid edge technologies offer the potential for an exciting transformation of the electricity industry, one that creates more choice for customers, greater efficiency, more efficient service delivery, and better economics for stakeholders across the value chain. By following the recommendations in this session, policy-makers, regulators and private enterprise can work together to secure the positive changes they offer to electricity customers.

IV.Electricity Power Collaborations for Sustainable Development

Detailed considerations of each step in the energy chains seem very important and necessary for outcomes of sustainable development. This topic will thoroughly enhance the opportunities abound in the sector. The collaboration of public and private sectors would further develop and enhance opportunities for the teeming population. Determination of appropriate steps and consideration of factors necessary for a geometric growth would be seen as the way to grow sustainability in the power sector. The Speakers would further digest these factors, technologies, and investment opportunities that will enhance a cleaner provision of power and its sustainability.

V.Interface Challenges in Electrical Networks

The main purpose of the Electricity Transmission, Distribution Interface,and Expansion program is to assess the interface infrastructure in the NESI to establish the gaps that prevent the effective dispatch and distribution of the available generation capacity even when the effective load demand is much greater than the available generation capacity. The Speakers will identify similar challenges in other climes; make comparative analysis while proffering solutions to this impasse.

VI.Outsourcing Services and Operations in the Electricity Industry

Electrical networks business is traditionally publicly owned and outsourcing in the field is a fairly new phenomenon with a very limited number of examples and cases addressing it. This session assesses the drivers, benefits and risks of outsourcing from the interactions of a publicly owned network company and a privately-owned service provider company. Both the expected and benefits will be discussed in outsourcing a publicly owned company to a private sector service provider vis-z-vis feared risk. This session provides insight according to which outsourcing in an industry based on old monopolies can be used to solve internal problems, moving risks and raise the value of the company. It is also expected that discussions will show how the electricity industry, based on old monopolies, offers many opportunities and challenges for privately owned service companies.

This topic will help to enlighten the audience on the vast opportunities in the metering business and how the framework is designed to awaken the interest of investors in the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI).

VII.Enforcement and Compliance: Regulatory Legal Frameworks and Implications in African Electricity Markets

The success of any regulatory body to a large extent is predicated on its ability to enhance the growth of the sector by inducing entities to comply with laid down rules developed through a participatory consultation process. This is to create and promote efficient industry and market to foster a culture of regulatory compliance. Enforcement of regulations is one of the tools in modern societies for inducing conduct. African regulatory market is mostly still in its infancy but the evaluation of regulatory governance substance and outcomes.